Understanding Physiotherapy


Physiotherapy is basically a therapy that assists to improve the normal movement and functionality of muscles and joints. It helps to reduce pain in your muscles and help you get moving again. It may also assist with muscle injuries. It will reduce the possibility of injuring your back again and help to prevent further pain. In fact, it is one of the best ways to heal your back. With physiotherapy, your doctor can evaluate your condition and recommend the best course of treatment.


Physiotherapy and physical therapy can be used together for patients with back pain caused by injury or disease. But sometimes, physiotherapy can be used on its own. The goal is to increase your range of motion, strengthen your muscles and help you resume your regular activities without back surgery.


Your physical therapist will teach you how to move, stretch and strengthen the muscles and joints that are affected. The purpose of physical therapy is to restore full flexibility and strength to muscles and joints. It aims to maintain joint mobility. By restoring flexibility and strength to the affected areas, physical therapy helps you avoid further back injury. Often, a physiotherapist will start with an assessment to determine the cause of the pain, then the use of targeted exercise, heat therapy or ultrasound to heal sore ligaments and soft tissues, and lastly the administration of pain relievers.


Many patients at Physiotherapy Worcester are offered a combination of these treatments so they can achieve maximum benefit from the program. Most physical therapy programs use gentle, progressive stretching to loosen up tight muscles and joints. They also use exercises to strengthen muscles, ligaments and joints. These include gentle yoga postures (which help improve balance), swimming movements, gentle strength training (use weights or resistance equipment) and simple stretching. Many patients also benefit from massage therapy. Massage therapy helps relieve tension in the back, neck, shoulders and lower back by using smooth, strokes and friction to release tight knots and tight muscles that can be very painful or cause soreness.

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Many patients experience problems such as muscle imbalances, spasms, weakness, tightness, tight joints and damage to discs that affect core stability. Core stability refers to the muscular support of the spine and other body structures that help keep the spine and other structures in their proper positions. Core stabilization is dependent upon the strong ligaments, muscles, tendons and joints that help maintain proper posture. When one or more of these structures are weakened, it can lead to back, shoulder and neck pain. Physical therapists may recommend special exercises, massage therapy and nutritional advice to help patients strengthen their core muscles, decrease their dependence on medications and prevent further injury.


As previously stated, a patient suffering from back pain should seek advice from a licensed physiotherapist before beginning physical therapy. This professional can identify weak or imbalanced muscles or encourage proper spinal positioning for prevention or correction. Once physiotherapy begins, the patient should continue to work with the therapist to strengthen the back muscles, improve posture and correct any problems. Patients with chronic musculoskeletal conditions, diabetes and other disorders of the musculoskeletal system should also work closely with their physical therapist. Physiotherapy often works with these patients to strengthen their muscles and reduce pain, stiffness and mobility restriction.