Unlocking Relief: The Power of Spinal Mobilisation in Chiropractic Care

Back pain affects nearly 11% of the global population, leading to significant costs in terms of treatment expenses and lost productivity. Among the various treatments available, spinal manipulation stands out as a common and effective method used by chiropractors to address spine-related issues. However, beyond the familiar “crack” associated with high-velocity low-amplitude thrusts, there’s a gentler technique known as spinal mobilisation. This low-velocity, rhythmical movement offers an alternative approach that can be equally effective without forceful adjustments. This article explores the power of spinal mobilisation in chiropractic care, highlighting its benefits and the importance of choosing the right practitioner for optimal spinal health.

Getting Started

Spinal manipulation is one of the most common treatments chiropractors use to treat spine injuries. Also known as spinal adjustment and manipulation, this manual therapy is used by a variety of practitioners including chiropractors, osteopaths and some physical therapists.

While spinal manipulation is most often associated with the chiropractic “crack,” or cavitation, it is important to note that this only occurs in conjunction with a high-velocity low-amplitude thrust. In contrast, spinal mobilisation is a low-velocity rhythmical gapping movement that doesn’t create a crack and can be stopped by the patient.

Ideal Spine uses a combination of spinal manipulation and mobilisation techniques to align the spine, alleviate tension in the muscles and joints and prevent further injury. To learn more about our approach to spinal care, contact us today!

Finding the Right Chiropractor

Choosing chiropractor Clayton South is a vitally important decision for any patient. There are many factors to consider, including qualifications, treatment approach, communication style, and practical considerations. Patients should always interview several practitioners before deciding on one.

During the interview, patients should be sure to ask each DC about their experience and education. It is also a good idea to discuss the methods that each chiropractor uses, including spinal manipulation and mobilisation. Spinal manipulation involves using quick and strong chiropractic adjustments to align the spine. This often produces cracking sounds similar to the sound produced when a person cracks their knuckles. Some patients are not comfortable with this type of adjustment and prefer a softer technique, which is known as spinal mobilisation. This technique involves the use of broad strokes to separate vertebrae and is not as forceful as spinal manipulation. It can be effective in treating many musculoskeletal problems. It is often combined with other chiropractic techniques such as the Activator and Sacro-Occipital Technique.

Preparing for Treatment

Depending on the severity of the problem, the chiropractor may use spinal mobilisation or manipulation. In spinal manipulation, the chiropractor applies a quick force on the spine or other joints, sometimes causing cracking sounds in the neck or back. This is a good sign that the body is responding to the technique.

A few studies have reported that spinal manipulation is effective in easing chronic low back pain that lasts four weeks or longer. It also appears to be beneficial in treating neck pain.

Mobilisation is a gentler form of treatment that doesn’t involve any twisting or forceful thrust. It increases the range of motion by stretching the fibers that surround the joint. This stretching causes the tissue to deform and create a crevice. These crevices can then release endogenous opioid chemicals that reduce pain. Some studies have shown that these effects are not dependent on the generation of joint cavitation. This is important because it means that a chiropractor can still get positive results without making loud, dramatic noises.

During Treatment

Spinal manipulation is a treatment method chiropractors use to help patients with musculoskeletal problems. This includes pain relief, decreased stiffness and improved mobility. It is a drug-free treatment option, which means it can provide effective relief without the side effects that often come with medication.

Chiropractors customise their treatments for each patient and spinal manipulation is no exception. Many patients will receive both forceful and less forceful spinal adjustment methods during the same appointment or throughout therapy, which usually takes between six to ten appointments.

The most common technique is spinal manipulation, which involves a sudden, controlled force applied to the spine by the chiropractor. This is often accompanied by an audible “crack” sound. Another popular manual therapy technique used by chiropractors, osteopaths and physiotherapists is spinal mobilisation. This is a slower, more gradual technique that helps to improve the movement of joints. It is often used for patients with more significant spinal misalignment and instability.

Embracing Spinal Mobilisation

The practice of spinal mobilisation offers a nuanced approach to chiropractic care, providing relief and promoting spinal health without the need for forceful adjustments. By understanding the differences between spinal manipulation and mobilisation, patients can make informed decisions about their treatment options and find the approach that best suits their needs. Whether it’s the quick thrust of spinal manipulation or the gentle rhythm of mobilisation, both techniques hold the potential to unlock relief and enhance overall well-being. Embracing spinal mobilisation alongside other chiropractic methods signifies a holistic approach to musculoskeletal health, empowering individuals to live life to the fullest with a properly aligned spine.

Preventing and Treating Plantar Fasciitis – Tips From Podiatrists

The good news is that nonsurgical treatment, including podiatry interventions, improves pain in about 90% of people. Health care professionals such as Midland podiatry might recommend night splints that hold your heel and Achilles tendon in a lengthened position while you sleep, or custom-fitted arch supports (or orthotics) that distribute your weight evenly across your feet.

1. Wear the Right Shoes

That stabbing pain you feel when you step out of bed or stand after sitting for a long time is often caused by the plantar fascia. This ligament stretches across the bottom of your foot and connects the heel to the bone on the bottom of your foot arch. Repeated stress on this ligament can cause tiny tears that trigger inflammation and pain.

If you’re prone to this painful heel problem, there are some things you can do to prevent future bouts of pain. Podiatrists recommend getting plenty of rest, doing foot stretches and massages and wearing shoes with good support and cushioning. They also say that alternating high impact activities with low-impact ones like swimming and walking is important to reduce stress on your feet and heels.

The right shoes can make all the difference when it comes to preventing or treating plantar fasciitis. You want a shoe with good arch support, a thick sole and plenty of cushioning, especially around the heel. Podiatrists like the Hoka Bondi 9, New Balance Fresh Foam X880 v13, Asics Gel Kayano 29, Kuru Draft Slipper and Oofos Ooahh Slide for their supportive cushioning and springy feel.

A good fit is also key. You should always try on shoes at the end of the day when your feet are largest and you should ensure there’s a thumb’s width of space between your longest toe and the shoe’s edge. You should also regularly replace your shoes, particularly if you’re a runner or walker, to maintain their support and cushioning.

2. Stretch Your Feet

In addition to getting enough rest, it’s important for people with plantar fasciitis to do regular foot and calf stretches to keep the tissue flexible. Stretching helps to reduce pain and improve walking for those who experience flare ups of the condition. Talk to a medical professional about a safe, effective stretching program that will work for you.

The best way to prevent and treat plantar fasciitis is by reducing stress on the tissue, especially during exercise. This means changing or stopping athletic activities that pound your feet on hard surfaces and doing proper warm up exercises with gentle stretching, like toe curls. Maintaining a healthy weight and using supportive footwear and slippers when spending time at home will help too.

It’s also a good idea to stop spending all day on your feet and avoid high heels as much as possible. And, don’t purchase over-the-counter heel cushions or arch supports as these devices are often ineffective at reducing foot strain.

If you experience heel pain that doesn’t go away after a few weeks, see a podiatrist based in High Wycombe for a diagnosis. The sooner you address the problem, the more quickly you can get back to your active lifestyle. Some people may benefit from other treatments for plantar fasciitis, such as steroid injections, radial shockwave treatment or platelet-rich plasma injections.

3. Stay Active

The last thing you want to do is let pain and discomfort from plantar fasciitis interfere with your summer plans. But you can stay active if you do a few simple things, like resting your feet, icing them, and stretching. Also, wear shoes that provide your feet with excellent arch support and replace them often. Avoid flip-flops and other footwear that offers minimal support, and don’t walk barefoot or stand all day on hard surfaces.

Low-impact exercise, such as swimming, cycling, yoga, or elliptical cardio, won’t cause plantar fasciitis or make it worse, and is a great way to keep up your fitness level. But don’t forget to stretch your feet and calves before and after exercise. Try curling and relaxing your toes, and making circles with your feet and ankles. You can even use a rolling pin or tennis ball while you’re seated to help loosen up your foot and heel muscles.

Another great stretch is the gastrocnemius stretch, which you can do anywhere. Sit down on the floor or in a chair with your legs crossed over each other. Hold your affected foot with the fingers of one hand, and bend your toes and ankle up as far as you can feel a stretch in the calf and arch of that leg. Repeat this for two or three minutes twice a day.

4. Take It Easy

Athletes who spend a lot of time on hard surfaces, such as runners and dancers, are at higher risk of developing plantar fasciitis. So are people who work on their feet, such as teachers, nurses and mail carriers. Having flat feet or high arches, and being overweight are also risk factors.

When you have plantar fasciitis, it can feel like you have a rubber band stretched across the bottom of your foot from your heel bone to your toes. The pain is usually sharpest when you take your first steps in the morning or after resting, and gets better as you continue to walk.

To help ease the pain, you can use an ice pack several times a day. You can also do a simple exercise to stretch your foot and calf muscles. Stand with one foot in front of the other and slowly bend your knee, keeping the back heel on the ground. This will stretch the plantar fascia and calf muscle, and should be done three to four times a day.

You should also stop any activities that aggravate your plantar fasciitis, such as running and dancing. Instead, do low-impact exercise like cycling or swimming, which puts less stress on your feet and legs. You can also try taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, to reduce inflammation and pain.

How Urologists Help Manage Interstitial Cystitis

Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a chronic condition that causes bladder pain and pressure. It is more common in women than men.

Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms. They may also take a urine sample. They will check it for blood in the pee or signs of infection.

Bladder Stretching

Bladder stretching is a minimally invasive procedure in which your doctor fills your bladder with sterile water while you’re under anesthesia to stretch the inner lining. They then use a tool called a cystoscope to inspect the bladder lining for cracks that bleed or areas of inflammation (called glomerulations). This is a common test in women with IC/BPS, but men also have it.

Urologist like Marlon Perera, may prescribe medications to help manage your IC symptoms. Many patients find relief from medications that decrease fluid retention and relax the muscles in the bladder and pelvic area. You can also reduce your symptoms with changes in diet. Eliminating irritants from your diet, such as carbonated beverages and foods with high levels of caffeine or vitamin C, may relieve painful urination in some people. Tight and stressed pelvic floor muscles can contribute to bladder pain, so Dr. Perera may recommend physical therapy to teach you how to stretch and exercise the pelvic floor.

Botox® injections

A urologist will inject tiny amounts of botulinum toxin, or Botox, into the muscles involved in your bladder spasms. This is similar to how it’s used to treat wrinkles. Before the injection, your urologist will apply a topical anesthetic (EMLA cream) or spray a coolant on your skin to numb the area. Your urologist also might use a device to numb the site by pushing on the muscles with vibration.

This procedure is usually done in a doctor’s office. You will be able to go home the same day. You may feel some pain or discomfort during the procedure, but it is usually mild.

The FDA approved one form of Botox to treat IC/BPS in adults in 2012. It is called onabotulinum toxin A (Botox), and it blocks the nerve signals that cause bladder spasms. You can find more information on this treatment at the Botox website.

Another type of Botox that a urologist might use is rimabotulinumtoxinB (Myobloc). It treats neck muscle spasm in people with cervical dystonia, which causes repetitive, uncontrollable movements of the head and neck. It is injected into the affected muscles and can reduce the symptoms of this condition in most people.

A urologist might recommend oral medications to help relieve pain, pressure and urinary frequency in people with IC. These might include pain relievers like ibuprofen and antihistamines. Or they might prescribe a drug called pentosan polysulfate sodium (Elmiron), which is believed to restore the inner surface of the bladder and protect it from substances that irritate the lining of the bladder.


The pain, pressure and urgency of interstitial cystitis (IC) can seriously disrupt your life. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and come and go over time. IC is not curable, but you can manage symptoms to improve your quality of life.

Your urologist will review your medical history and symptoms before beginning treatment. She will also perform a pelvic exam and a urinalysis to see if you have an infection. A urologist may use a flexible, lighted tube called a cystoscopy to check the inside of your bladder and the surrounding area.

Medications can help ease pain and pressure from IC. Your urologist can prescribe an anti-inflammatory like pentosan polysulfate sodium, or other medications to help relax muscles in the bladder. She may also prescribe a medication to block nerve signals that cause bladder spasms.

Bladder sensitivity tests can be helpful for some people with IC. During the test, your urologist instills water and potassium chloride solutions into your bladder. You then rate how much pain and urgency you experience after each solution. Having higher sensitivities to these solutions is a sign that you have IC.

In some cases, your urologist can use a surgical procedure to stretch your bladder by filling it with liquid or gas while you’re asleep under anesthesia. A surgical procedure called a bladder augmentation can also increase the size of your bladder by placing a patch of your intestine over it.


The exact cause of IC is unknown, but experts believe it may involve abnormalities in the bladder lining. The condition also can develop because of heredity, allergies and infections. Women are more likely to suffer from it, and it tends to flare up during menstruation.

To diagnose IC, your physician will conduct tests and ask you to fill out questionnaires. They’ll look for a history of urinary tract infections and symptoms that include pelvic pain, bladder pressure and frequent urination. They’ll also perform a urinalysis, where they examine your pee for blood and bacteria.

Once a diagnosis is confirmed, your urologist will offer a number of treatment options. These treatments can range from making dietary changes to implementing pelvic floor exercises, to administering medication or Botox® injections to manage bladder spasms. Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may also recommend bladder retraining, where you hold your urine for longer periods of time (every hour at first, then every two hours, etc.) to reduce frequency and urgency.

Oral medications can also help relieve IC symptoms. The only FDA-approved oral drug for IC is pentosan polysulfate sodium, which binds to the bladder walls and helps replace and repair the lining. The drug can take up to six months to work, but research has shown moderate success in reducing symptoms.


Perera Urology
Suite 118/55 Flemington Rd,
North Melbourne VIC 3051
1300 884 673

Recognising Urgent Signs for Fungal Nail Treatment

Fungus in nails (known as onychomycosis) is more than just a cosmetic issue. Untreated onychomycosis, colloquially known as nail fungus, extends beyond mere cosmetic nuisance to present significant health challenges. Without intervention, affected nails become brittle, discoloured, and thickened, causing discomfort and hindering daily activities. Thickened nails may impede proper trimming, leading to further discomfort and potential complications.

The condition can also induce psychological distress due to embarrassment and social self-consciousness. Moreover, untreated onychomycosis poses a risk of spreading the infection to other nails or individuals through direct contact. Early recognition and treatment are paramount to mitigate symptoms, preserve nail health, and prevent broader health implications.

1. Discoloration

A fungal nail infection starts out as a white, yellow, or brown discoloration under the tip of the nail. Eventually, the fungus spreads to the entire nail and the surrounding skin. The fungus may also cause the nail to thicken and detach from the nail bed.

A nail fungus is caused by a fungus that lives in warm, moist environments. Fungi can be spread from person to person through sharing shoes, using the same emery board, or going to a nail salon where fungus-causing tools are not sanitized. Nail fungus can also be passed from mother to child during pregnancy or breastfeeding.

Nail fungus can be treated with over-the-counter antifungal creams or nail polishes. However, these products don’t always work well and can be difficult to apply correctly. Oral antifungal medications have a much higher success rate and can cure nails more quickly than over-the-counter treatments.

A dermatologist or podiatrist at Scarborough podiatry clinic can diagnose a nail fungus by examining the nail under a microscope or sending a sample to a laboratory for testing. A podiatrist Karrinyup can also thin the nail with a file or urea lotion to help the antifungal medicine penetrate and treat the fungus more effectively. A fungal nail infection can affect one or more nails, and it is more common in adults.

2. Thickness

A fungal nail infection may cause the nails to become thicker. Thickness is one of the earliest signs that it’s time to see your doctor at Osborne Park podiatry clinic for treatment. Thick, brittle nails are prone to breaking and leaving exposed areas of skin. The fungus may also produce a foul odor, especially if it gets trapped under the nail.

The condition tends to get worse over time. As a result, fungal nail infection can lead to painful and debilitating damage. If you’re not able to treat the infection early, you could experience serious foot and leg problems.

If left untreated, the fungus may spread to other nails. This is particularly likely in those with diabetes and circulatory problems, as well as those who have frequent contact with damp areas. This type of infection is more common in toenails than in fingernails.

To prevent a fungal nail infection, wash and dry your feet thoroughly, especially after being in public places like swimming pools, locker rooms, and showers. Wear shoes that allow for airflow, and be sure to change out of wet socks or hosiery as often as possible. A good manicure and pedicure may help reduce the risk of fungus, as can regular application of antifungal creams to the nail bed and cuticles. In most cases, the fungus will eventually go away on its own. However, if it becomes painful or you don’t respond to treatment, surgical removal of the nail may be necessary.

3. Cracking

If a fungal nail infection is left untreated, the nails can become thick, discolored and even cracked. Cracking provides entry points for fungi and makes it difficult for antifungal creams to reach them. Fungi also enter through small injuries, which can occur as a result of direct trauma to the nail or repeated pressure on it (a common problem for athletes and people in certain occupations).

To diagnose a nail fungal infection, a health care provider may examine the affected nails and perhaps take a scraping from underneath the affected nail. Nail clippings might be tested for fungi by using laboratory techniques such as haematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid-Schiff and Grocott methenamine silver staining. These tests provide a definitive diagnosis of the condition, although they are rarely used due to their cost and inability to detect all types of fungi.

Treatment options for nail fungal infections include over-the-counter antifungal nail polish, ointments and tablets. However, these treatments are only partially effective and don’t work for everyone. In addition, they can be very expensive, and if you don’t have a statutory health insurance, you might have to pay for the treatment yourself. The best way to prevent a fungal nail infection is to protect the nails and feet from injury, and to keep them clean, dry and well-groomed. This includes wearing sandals or shower shoes in public places, changing socks frequently and not sharing personal items like nail clippers.

4. Discomfort

Pain and sensitivity are key indicators of a fungal nail infection. Fungal infections can be very uncomfortable and if left untreated, the infection may spread to other nails. Eventually, the nails may become misshapen and thickened, with some of them separating from the nail bed. This can lead to a loss of the nail and severe pain and discomfort.

You should seek treatment for a nail fungal infection as soon as you notice the symptoms, even if they’re mild. Treatment can help prevent further damage to the nails and eliminate the fungus from your body. However, even if the fungus is treated, it may take some time for the nail to grow out normally again. This can be especially frustrating for patients with diabetes, those with circulation problems and people who are immunosuppressed (such as those undergoing cancer therapy).

The most common method of treating fungal nails is to use over-the-counter antifungal nail polish or cream. These products can help with mild to moderate infections. For more extensive or widespread infections, oral antifungal medicines might be needed. These medications include terbinafine (Lamisil) and itraconazole. Your doctor might also recommend removing the infected nail temporarily to allow direct application of antifungal medication beneath the nail, which improves treatment efficacy. In some severe cases, surgery might be recommended for a permanent solution.

Understanding the urgent signals for fungal nail treatment is crucial for maintaining nail health and overall well-being. Seeking treatment at the onset of symptoms can prevent further damage to the nails, alleviate discomfort, and mitigate the risk of spreading the infection. Whether through over-the-counter remedies, oral medications, or, in severe cases, surgical intervention, addressing fungal nail infections promptly is essential for optimal outcomes and a swift return to nail health.

How Podiatry Clinics Address a Variety of Foot Issues

The feet and ankles can endure a lot of wear and tear throughout the course of one’s lifetime. They’re also susceptible to numerous ailments that can be difficult to treat without help.

For example, a podiatrist can help alleviate heel pain caused by a condition like Plantar Fasciitis. This condition causes pain from a thick band of tissue that extends across the bottom of your foot, connecting the heel bone to your toes.


If your bunion pain becomes severe, it’s crucial to seek professional care. Rouse Hill podiatry clinic, offers comprehensive treatment options, including steroid injections to alleviate inflammation and personalized physical therapy to strengthen your feet and enhance their functionality. Additionally, we provide invaluable guidance on selecting proper footwear to mitigate discomfort

A podiatrist will examine your bunions and determine the best treatment option based on their severity and symptoms. They may recommend nonsurgical modalities, such as padding or orthotics, or surgery.

If your bunion pain gets severe, your podiatrist may prescribe a steroid injection to reduce inflammation. They may also suggest physical therapy to strengthen your feet and improve the way they work together. They will also advise you on how to choose shoes that fit correctly and avoid those with narrow toe boxes.

Flat Feet

The feet support all the weight of your body, which puts them under a lot of stress. When you have flat feet, they fail to distribute your weight evenly, putting more strain on the bones, muscles, and tendons in your legs and lower back. This can lead to foot pain, shin splints, and bunions. Generally, people with flexible flat feet will outgrow the condition, while rigid flat feet can only be corrected through surgery.

An expert podiatrist like Dr Angus Chard can help you find relief from the pain, physical imbalance, and hesitancy to exercise caused by flat feet. They will perform a comprehensive examination including a biomechanical assessment and gait analysis, X-rays, and other imaging tests. They may also recommend orthotics that fit inside your shoes to provide extra support. If you have hypermobility, which is a tendency to move joints beyond their normal range of motion, they can prescribe exercises that will help you regain control of your joints.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails are one of the most common foot problems, and can lead to infection in the toe if left untreated. They occur when the edge of the nail grows into the skin around it, usually the big toe. A variety of factors can cause them, including poor or tight-fitting shoes, improper trimming of the nails, fungal infections around the nails, a curved or thick toenail and heredity.

A podiatrist will examine and palpate (press on) the toe, as well as take a sample of the toenail and nail bed and maybe do blood tests and/or x-rays. If the toenail isn’t infected or very painful, they may just trim the corner of the nail to help relieve the symptoms. However, if the toenail becomes infected or recurring issues are present, the podiatrist may need to surgically remove the nail. They may also suggest other treatments, such as a chemical or laser, to prevent recurrence.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes can have serious consequences for feet, causing problems such as neuropathy (nerve damage), vascular disease, arthropathy (joint damage), and ulcers. A podiatrist can help people with diabetes prevent and manage foot problems.

Diabetes patients should have a basic foot check at every health care visit and a comprehensive foot exam at least once a year. These exams should include checking pulses, sensation, and the skin, nails, bones, and joints of the feet. They should report any cuts, bruises, sores, corns, calluses, or other problems to their doctor immediately.

People with diabetes should also wash their feet daily in warm water and dry them completely, avoiding areas between the toes. They should wear comfortable, supportive shoes and socks. They should also keep their feet warm, avoid going barefoot, and promote blood flow by putting their feet up when sitting, wriggling them periodically, getting enough exercise, and using lotions that do not have a drying effect.

Children’s Feet

The feet of infants and toddlers are still developing, which is why they require very careful attention. They have soft bones and muscles, and they are particularly vulnerable to abnormal body forces that cause deformities.

Most foot problems in children are not permanent, but they do need to be addressed as soon as possible. This helps prevent future issues, and can also improve the child’s mobility.

For example, in-toeing can be resolved by changing their sitting or sleeping postures, and podiatrists may prescribe a series of stretches and exercises to strengthen their feet. They can also provide custom orthotics to slip into shoes, which provide additional support and help correct foot alignment.

High Arch

The arch in the front of your foot is designed to absorb and distribute the weight of your feet when you stand and walk. When this structure becomes damaged or misaligned, you can experience a number of foot and ankle problems that may include sharp heel pain, swollen and painful toes and ankles, and stiff calf muscles.

Your podiatrist will conduct a thorough examination of your foot and ankle, then order testing to diagnose your condition. X-rays, MRIs, and nerve conduction studies may be ordered to help pinpoint the cause of your symptoms.

In many cases, your cavus foot can be treated conservatively using shoe inserts and orthotic devices to improve balance and stability. If your condition is caused by an underlying issue such as a spinal cord injury, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, surgery to lessen the high arch can be recommended.

The Importance of Hearing Tests

A hearing test is a vital step to protect your health. In fact, hearing impairment can be a side effect of certain medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

The test is a physical examination of your ears both inside and around the outer ear canal as well as tests on different parts of the ear. Regular screenings catch changes in your hearing over time, allowing you to treat them before they become severe.

Age-Related Hearing Loss

Even people who don’t experience noticeable hearing loss should make regular appointments to audiologist for a screening. These tests are a great way to ensure that your hearing is as healthy as possible and to pick up on any issues that might require attention, such as tinnitus or gradual loss of high-frequency sounds.

As we get older, our hearing is more susceptible to deterioration as a result of natural aging processes or exposure to noise. This is called presbycusis, and it typically affects higher frequencies more than lower ones.

The good news is that it’s easier to address hearing loss in the early stages, when it can still be corrected by medications or hearing aids. By catching any issues as soon as they arise, you can prevent the negative effects that come with untreated hearing loss, such as isolation, feelings of depression and anxiety, and poor communication.

During a hearing test, known as audiometry, you wear headphones and listen to short tones played at different volumes (loudnesses) and pitches (frequencies) in each ear. Depending on your response, the results will show whether you can hear each sound, and whether one ear responds better than the other. This is the type of screening that most people remember from childhood and is the most common way to assess hearing. It’s a quick and simple evaluation, and it can be performed at any age.

Preventive Care

It’s important to understand that hearing loss isn’t just a natural part of aging, but it can also be caused by certain medical conditions or lifestyle choices. Getting regular screenings allows individuals to catch hearing loss before it becomes too severe. In some cases, this prevents them from missing out on social opportunities and can help ensure that they receive the best treatment possible.

The most effective way to monitor a person’s hearing is through a comprehensive audiology test called the CAEP. This tests the ear canals to see how well sound passes through, and it also looks at how the lower portion of the brain (the auditory nerve) responds to these sounds.

Hearing tests allow the audiologist to establish a baseline for an individual’s hearing health, which makes it easier for them to spot changes over time. In some cases, these changes may be slight, but catching them early on can make the difference between having a healthy life or having to cope with more serious issues in later life.

Bundoora hearing test is also important if an individual regularly exposes themselves to loud noises, such as in their job. In this case, regular testing can help the audiologist to recommend protective equipment or even suggest that they avoid loud environments altogether. This can stop hearing loss from progressing and help them maintain a high quality of life.

Detecting Hearing Loss

Because of how gradual hearing loss can progress, it can go undetected for quite some time. If left untreated, it can lead to a variety of issues including tinnitus and a diminished quality of life. Thankfully, a simple screening can catch these changes and offer treatment recommendations early.

The first step in detecting hearing loss is to schedule a comprehensive exam with your audiologist. This will include a baseline test and a more in-depth analysis of the inner, outer and middle ears. It will also reveal any other hearing-related problems such as tinnitus and auditory processing disorders.

A baseline test is a pure tone audiometry test that will measure your hearing. During this test, you will sit in a sound proof booth and be presented with different pitches or tones. Your audiologist will record your responses and plot them on a chart called an audiogram, which will give him or her a snapshot of your current hearing health.

A more in-depth analysis will look at specific frequencies and determine if you are experiencing damage to the outer, middle or inner ear. It will also show the severity of the condition, which can then be used as a reference in your future tests and treatments.


When you schedule regular hearing tests in Dandenong, your audiologist can help identify any changes in the health of your ears. They can recommend treatment that helps slow the progression of hearing loss, such as wearing hearing aids or other solutions. Your audiologist will also be able to uncover any health concerns that could be causing your hearing loss, such as ear wax buildup or other medical issues like cardiovascular disease or diabetes.

A standard hearing screening typically consists of pure-tone audiometry and speech audiometry. In a soundproof room, your audiologist will use headphones to play tones at different volumes and frequencies for each ear. You will be asked to respond by raising your hand or pressing a button when you hear each tone. The audiologist will then ask you to repeat back single-syllable words at a certain volume to determine your ability to perceive soft sounds, which is known as speech audiometry.

Other testing that may be conducted includes otoacoustic emissions and the auditory brainstem response test (ABR). For this test, electrodes are placed on your head and ears to measure responses from the inner ear and hearing pathways. Otoacoustic emissions are sounds that are produced by vibrations of hair cells in the cochlea, and the audiologist will use this to see whether there is any blockage or fluid in your ear canal or damage to your eardrums or acoustic reflexes.

Exploring Breast Implants and Tummy Tuck Procedures

Pregnancy and childbirth can cause significant changes to a woman’s body, leaving some mothers feeling self-conscious. A tummy tuck and breast implants can help restore a woman’s figure.

Breast implant options include silicone gel and saline implants. We’ll explain your options and help you choose the best style and size for your goals.

Subglandular Placement

Choosing the right abdominoplasty Melbourne and breast implant placement technique is important for the results of your surgery. It depends on many different factors, including the shape and size of your chest muscles, how much natural breast tissue you have, and whether you want to be able to breastfeed in the future. For your consultation, Visit Mr. Dean White’s website (deanwhite.com.au) He will help you choose the implant placement option that is best for your unique needs.

Over-the-muscle implants (also known as subglandular placement) are inserted into a pocket above the pectoralis muscle and beneath the existing mammary gland tissue. This positioning allows for the breasts to appear perkier and more lifted, which is especially beneficial for patients with saggy breast tissue. Additionally, patients with this type of implant insertion tend to have less movement of their implants during physical activity and experience minimal post-surgery discomfort.

However, over-the-muscle implants do not provide as much coverage or support as submuscular implants. In addition, they carry a slightly increased risk of capsular contracture, which occurs when scar tissue around the implant becomes excessively thick and hard. They also can create an unnatural, rounder appearance to the breasts and may cause the implants to move when chest muscles flex. Despite these disadvantages, some patients prefer this implant placement method because it is more affordable than other options.

Submuscular Placement

The placement of your breast implant can make a significant difference in how the final results look and feel. You should be familiar with the pros and cons of different implant placement options so that you can discuss your goals with your surgeon and determine which one is best for you.

Over the muscle placement, also called subglandular placement, involves placing your implants over or on top of the chest muscle (pectoralis major) and underneath glandular breast tissue. This method is recommended for women with adequate natural breast tissue as it provides coverage and support, which can help ensure that your implants look naturally enhanced rather than artificially inflated.

Pros: Over the muscle placement offers a quicker recovery and less discomfort following surgery. It can also reduce the risk of visible edges of the implant (also known as rippling) and improve the appearance of your nipple. Additionally, over the muscle placement may make it easier to perform exercises that require flexing your chest muscles such as chest presses and push-ups without the implants moving around.

Cons: This placement can cause your implant to appear more pronounced on the front of your chest and it may be more difficult to discern the exact size of your implant. The over the muscle placement technique can also increase your chances of experiencing capsular contracture, which is a complication that causes scar tissue to form around the implant.

Dual Plane Placement

A hybrid between subglandular and submuscular implant placement, dual plane combines the benefits of both approaches. It allows the upper half of an implant to sit under the pectoralis muscle while the lower portion lies directly over it, creating a more natural-looking aesthetic. This technique is also beneficial for women with existing breast tissue that will cover the edges of the implants, and it helps prevent complications like capsular contracture and rippling.

While many doctors prefer this technique, it’s not always the best for every patient. For example, it might take longer for swelling to subside compared to other methods. It can also be more expensive due to the surgery’s more extensive incisions. Additionally, it’s important to discuss your goals and expectations for your results with a doctor who can evaluate your needs and recommend the most suitable procedure for you.

The dual plane approach is effective for addressing mild breast sagging, or ptosis, caused by pregnancy, breastfeeding, weight fluctuations, and the natural aging process. However, it doesn’t replace the need for a mastopexy (breast lifting) procedure in severe cases of sagging. It can even help reduce the appearance of nipple stretch marks in some patients with tuberous breasts, giving them a more rounded look. It’s also more beneficial for women who want a larger cup size, as it creates a more full and perkier nipple.

Transaxillary Incision

Melbourne breast augmentation scars are almost impossible to see when using this method, because the incision is made within a natural fold in the armpit. This technique is a good option for patients who want to hide their augmentation scars, even when wearing a bikini. It also eliminates the need for cutting through the chest muscle, reducing recovery time.

This approach can be used for both saline and silicone implants. The surgeon makes the incision in the natural fold of the armpit, then creates a channel to the breast and a pocket for the implant. This means that your breast tissue is not directly touched, and there are fewer risks for infection or capsular contracture. It also doesn’t interfere with the ability to breastfeed.

Although this type of surgery is easier for surgeons to perform than the periareolar or inframammary approaches, there are still some drawbacks. It can cause soreness when raising the arms and increases the risk of loss of nipple sensation, but these issues are usually temporary. It can also be harder to determine the correct size for your breast implants than with other methods. This is why we recommend choosing a surgeon who is experienced with this technique. Memorial Plastic Surgery uses an endoscope (a lighted optical tool with a camera attached) to visualize the pockets as they are created, which further reduces complications.

Stiff Neck, Seek Help – Identifying Serious Medical Causes of Neck Pain

A stiff neck can be frustrating but it is typically not a sign of a serious medical condition. Over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen and acetaminophen can relieve pain and reduce inflammation.

Ice packs are most effective within the first 48 hours of a flare up, but heat may also be helpful. Gentle, slow range-of-motion exercises of the neck can help reduce stiffness and promote healing.


Infections are a possible cause of neck pain. A viral infection that affects the lymph nodes in your neck, such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) or a bacterial infection such as tuberculosis, can cause these nodes to swell and become tender. Neck pain from these types of infections can also be accompanied by fever, headache and a general feeling of unwellness.

A stiff neck accompanied by a bad headache and a fever can be an early sign of meningitis, a dangerous bacterial infection that affects the brain and spinal cord. If left untreated, meningitis can cause permanent damage to the brain and spine.

If your neck pain is accompanied by a sensation of pins and needles in your arm or hand, weakness or numbness, you should seek medical attention immediately. These symptoms are a sign that the nerves in your cervical spine have been compressed, causing cervical radiculopathy. This usually occurs when a herniated disc or bone spur in your cervical spine presses on adjacent nerves, resulting in inflammation and a painful and stiff neck.

Over-the-counter NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB) or acetaminophen (Tylenol), can reduce the inflammation that causes neck stiffness and soreness. If the discomfort persists, try performing gentle neck stretches or having a friend or family member massage your neck gently. In severe cases, a doctor may need to perform X-rays, computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These tests can provide a detailed look at the bones and tissues in your neck and help diagnose the condition that is causing the stiffness and soreness.


If neck pain is not relieved by over-the-counter medication or stretches, a visit to a primary care physician and/or a specialist should be considered. Serious causes of neck pain may include a herniated spinal disc, nerve compression, or serious infections such as meningitis or cervical cancer.

Many people develop a stiff neck for no apparent reason. They may have slept in the wrong position or climbed a ladder to clean their gutters. Others suffer from chronic neck problems, such as osteoarthritis of the cervical spine (neck arthritis), herniated disks, or stenosis of the spinal canal. These conditions can cause pain and discomfort, but they are not always serious.

If a person experiences neck pain, especially if they have difficulty moving their head to one side, it is a sign that something is wrong. Neck pain can be a warning sign of nerve damage, which may occur from a pinched nerve in a muscle spasm or when a slipped disk compresses the spinal cord. Infections in the neck can also cause pain and stiffness. They can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungus.

A healthcare provider will usually diagnose a stiff neck with a medical history and physical exam. They will determine if the neck is painful and how long it has been painful, as well as how much movement of the neck can be done. They will also ask about any red flag symptoms, such as a fever, loss of bowel or bladder control, or headache. They will recommend treatments, which might include over-the-counter ibuprofen or acetaminophen and applying ice and heat. A physical therapist might provide a program of neck exercises and stretches.

Herniated Discs

Your neck is made up of a series of vertebrae, and in between each of these bones are discs. These discs are filled with a jelly-like substance and act as cushions for the spine. When a herniated disc occurs, it can press against nerves and spinal cord in the neck, causing pain, numbness and weakness. Neck pain from a herniated disc may be sharp and intense and usually occurs on one side of the body.

Stiff necks can often be caused by minor muscle strain or injury or by sleeping in an odd position. They can usually be relieved by doing some simple stretches, applying hot and cold compresses or taking over the counter pain medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Changing some of your daily routines and habits can also help to prevent neck stiffness. For example, try not to slouch while sitting or driving. It is also important to sleep with a pillow that supports your head and neck.

When a stiff neck is serious or if it is accompanied by other symptoms, it is best to consult to A Pinch Of Prevention. They will evaluate your condition and determine if any serious cause of your neck pain is present. They will then take a full history and do a physical exam to check for neck injuries, diseases and illnesses that could be contributing to your neck pain.

Spinal Stenosis

In most cases, neck stiffness results from overuse or an injury, and people can relieve it with stretching, hot and cold treatments, massage and over-the-counter pain medications. Stiffness that lasts more than a few days or is accompanied by weakness or numbness is a sign of a serious problem and requires medical attention.

Your neck is a complex system of bones (vertebrae), discs, ligaments and muscles that support your head and allow it to move in several directions. Any abnormalities or injuries can cause pain or stiffness in your neck. The most common causes of neck pain include:

Whiplash injury. This occurs when your neck is suddenly jerked back and forth, such as in a rear-end car accident. This can damage the muscles, ligaments and nerves in your neck.

Spinal stenosis. This condition occurs when the spinal canal narrows, which can pinch the spinal cord or the nerves that exit through the vertebrae in your neck. This can lead to numbness or weakness in your arms, legs or torso.

A doctor will examine your neck and may order X-rays or an MRI to rule out these or other possible problems. Be sure to tell your doctor about any recent illnesses, accidents or injuries that may be related to your neck pain. This information can help your doctor diagnose the problem and recommend the best treatment.

A Physiotherapist Is a Doctor of Physical Therapy

Physiotherapist Concord is a licensed and trained therapist who assists individuals suffering from injuries or disabilities that affect the functioning of their musculoskeletal system. Physiotherapists must have a Bachelor’s degree in physiological sciences, physical therapy and rehabilitation. They also hold a certification from the American Board of Physical Therapy. Physiotherapists in Burwood specialize in specific areas of body therapy, such as sports medicine, geriatric, neurological, orthopedic, cardiovascular, pediatrics and other specialized areas.



A physio can provide treatment for adults, children, and infants, with many specializing in treating athletes and those involved in contact sports. Most physio courses encompass anatomy, diagnostic procedures, diagnostic testing, pain management, exercise testing, kinesiology, physiology, nutrition, rehabilitation, and injury prevention. Injuries are frequently attributed to improper movement, muscle imbalances, or poor posture, and a qualified physio can identify these conditions and provide effective rehabilitation and stretching programs to correct them. For individuals seeking knee pain treatment in Haberfield specifically, physiotherapists in the area may offer tailored solutions to address localized issues and promote overall wellness.


There are many different types of professional physiotherapists, including those who perform therapeutic exercise, perform diagnostic procedures, manage acute and chronic injuries, and provide rehabilitation services. They are often involved in preventing injuries by educating athletes about safety and helping them to properly warm up and cool down before, during and after exercise. Sports medicine specialists may prescribe special shoes or other equipment to prevent muscle strain or injury. They evaluate and monitor athletes as part of a sports team and help to plan out their training programs and development of a program for recovery. Some physios specialize in pediatrics, geriatrics, orthopedics and neurology, providing care for the whole patient.


A person can go to a general practitioner or an NHS clinic for regular checkups and treatments, or they can choose a physiotherapist who will tailor their care to the needs of the patient. A nurse specializing in physiotherapy is also called upon by the NHS to provide assessments and treatments when needed. Many NHS hospitals have a physiotherapist within the department of rehabilitation services. Some NHS Trusts hire additional staff to fill roles such as monitoring appointments, handling confidential medical data and dealing with disputes between patients and staff.


A number of universities and colleges now offer specialized courses in sports and health to professionals interested in becoming physios. The National University of Sports Medicine and the Academy of Physical Therapy are examples of universities that provide study programs for future physiotherapists. Other schools work towards integrating physiotherapy and sports medicine through joint ventures and partnerships. Certification by the National Board of Examiners (NBEO) and the American Council on Exercise serve as credentials that further professional advancement can be achieved. Further education is required to become certified to do the techniques and medications that are specific to each patient.


In addition to treating pain, injured muscles and bones, a physiotherapist also evaluates movement and the range of motion of patients, using tools like resistors and extenders to test muscle strength and flexibility. They can teach affected individuals how to handle stress and strain by using stretches and exercises designed for recovering from traumatic injuries or pain. A variety of machines are available to help patients move more efficiently, including elliptical trainers, treadmill trainers, rowing machines and Pilates machines. A physiotherapist can also provide advice about physical therapy, which helps injured individuals regain normal function of their movements.